Asthma affects over 200 million people worldwide. This ailment characterized by recurrent attacks of wheezing and shortness of breath can develop at any age but is generally more prevalent among children than among adults.
Why do so many people have asthma? For one, there are those who are genetically more prone to develop asthma. On the other hand, an increased exposure to the outdoors that heightens the possibility of one’s exposure to known allergens and irritants can also trigger asthma.
Asthma occurs when there is swelling of airways swell and production of mucus as a reaction to irritants. This reaction reduces the space through which air can pass. Attacks can vary in severity, from shortness of breath to life-threatening respiratory problems. Frequent asthma attacks are dangerous and can greatly affect the execution of everyday activities.
Asthma, however, can be controlled. Here are three basic tips on what asthmatics can do to prevent, control, and eventually cure them of asthma.
Avoid exposure to allergens and irritants. Identify which food, objects, or smells can trigger an asthma attack. Get rid of dust-gathering carpets, curtains, and mattresses. Avoid irritants such as smoke coming from tobacco or incense as well as perfumes, aerosol sprays, and vehicle emissions and exhausts.
Keep your medicine handy. Always be ready for possible attacks. Keep a dose of bronchodilator in your bag, in your home, as well as in your office in order to ensure immediate relief in case of an asthma attack. Following a consultation with your physician, one may also take a controller medication such as inhaled corticosteroids.
Exercise regularly. Controlling and overcoming asthma requires the maintenance of an exercise regimen that will help improve lung function and breathing. Practice deep breathing exercises. Swimming regularly helps develop strong lungs and controlled breathing.
It is important to remember not to panic and to keep one’s self relaxed during an asthma attack. Panic could speed up the heart rate, which could worsen shortness of breath. Instead, keep a clear mind and concentrate on taking slow easy breaths through the nose.
Taking control of your asthma is the primary key to taking control of your life. Asthma need not interfere with your work and daily routine and it need not put your life at risk.