Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease where the bronchial tubes are inflamed, thus blocking or narrowing the airways and constricting breathing. If the inflammation, no matter how few the asthma episodes, is not treated immediately, this could lead to permanence in the change of the shape of the tubes therefore, ultimately impairing your lungs because of the loss of its right hand, so to speak, the bronchial tubes. This could also lead to fatality when another attack or flare-up.
Common Causes of Asthma
Asthma is generally acquired in childhood but it may also develop during the teenage years. It often lasts throughout a person’s life but there are cases when it dwindles as allergies or may be completely healed.
The cause of asthma is still not known although the leading theory is that the condition is inherited. For some people asthma is triggered by exposure to allergens such as smoke, dust mites, pollens, cockroaches and animal dander. Another school of thought states that asthma often develops from allergies. Still other scientists pose the hypothesis that asthma is caused by environmental factors. In developing countries, children are less exposed to bacteria and infections because of the prevalence of vaccine. The downside of this is that their immune systems were unable to develop cells vital in asthma prevention.
The first signs of a flare-up are chest tightness, shortness of breath or hyperventilation, coughing, rapid and shallow breathing, wheezing or difficulty in breathing.
Dealing with Asthma
If you have asthma, avoid or be wary of the following situations or elements: exercising if the air is too cold or humid, smoke and other air pollutants, strong chemicals, exposure to allergens, common colds and coughs, and medications which can induce your condition.
If you are not sure if your allergies and colds are signs of asthma, seek professional help. Doctors primarily make use of the method called spirometry. This test has for its purpose measuring the time you breathe in and out and how much air is moved to your lungs. They may also refer to your medical history; conduct their own physical examinations and laboratory exams such as a chest x-ray to find out if there are other diseases which cause the blockages. During your interview with the doctor, expect questions such as symptoms and what triggers such signs.
Treatment of asthma encompasses a plan during attacks. The first aid during a flare up is an inhaler which would help clear up your tubes. Changing your lifestyle will also greatly helps in preventing or decreasing asthma attacks.